HTML Layouts

Reference: http://www.w3schools.com/html/html_layout.asp


Website Layouts

Most websites have put their content in multiple columns (formatted like a magazine or newspaper).
Multiple columns are created by using <div> or <table> elements. CSS are used to position elements, or to create backgrounds or colorful look for the pages.

HTML Layouts - Using <div> Elements

The div element is a block level element used for grouping HTML elements.
The following example uses five div elements to create a multiple column layout, creating the same result as in the previous example:

Example

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<body>

<div id="container" style="width:500px">

<div id="header" style="background-color:#FFA500;">
<h1 style="margin-bottom:0;">Main Title of Web Page</h1></div>

<div id="menu" style="background-color:#FFD700;height:200px;width:100px;float:left;">
<b>Menu</b><br>
HTML<br>
CSS<br>
JavaScript</div>

<div id="content" style="background-color:#EEEEEE;height:200px;width:400px;float:left;">
Content goes here</div>

<div id="footer" style="background-color:#FFA500;clear:both;text-align:center;">
Copyright © W3Schools.com</div>

</div>

</body>
</html>

The HTML code above will produce the following result:

Main Title of Web Page

Menu
HTML
CSS
JavaScript
Content goes here
Copyright © W3Schools.com


HTML Layouts - Using Tables

A simple way of creating layouts is by using the HTML <table> tag.
Multiple columns are created by using <div> or <table> elements. CSS are used to position elements, or to create backgrounds or colorful look for the pages.


The following example uses a table with 3 rows and 2 columns - the first and last row spans both columns using the colspan attribute:

Example

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<body>

<table width="500" border="0">
<tr>
<td colspan="2" style="background-color:#FFA500;">
<h1>Main Title of Web Page</h1>
</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td style="background-color:#FFD700;width:100px;">
<b>Menu</b><br>
HTML<br>
CSS<br>
JavaScript
</td>
<td style="background-color:#EEEEEE;height:200px;width:400px;">
Content goes here</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td colspan="2" style="background-color:#FFA500;text-align:center;">
Copyright © W3Schools.com</td>
</tr>
</table>

</body>
</html>

The HTML code above will produce the following result:

Main Title of Web Page

Menu
HTML
CSS
JavaScript
Content goes here
Copyright © W3Schools.com


HTML Layout - Useful Tips

Tip: The biggest advantage of using CSS is that, if you place the CSS code in an external style sheet, your site becomes MUCH EASIER to maintain. You can change the layout of all your pages by editing one file. To learn more about CSS, study our CSS tutorial.
Tip: Because advanced layouts take time to create, a quicker option is to use a template. Search Google for free website templates (these are pre-built website layouts you can use and customize).

HTML Layout Tags

TagDescription
<div>Defines a section in a document (block-level)
<span>Defines a section in a document (inline)
 









 


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