How to Configure Static Route using Packet Tracer

How to configure static routing using three routers in packet tracer




Steps:


Step 1: Configure ip address to all interfaces with ip address given in this topology





 By default Router knows network that is directly connected, So Router R1 knows the network 10.0.0.0,20.0.0.0 it doesn't know about the network 30.0.0.0 and 40.0.0.0.Now check the R1 Routing table

In R1:  In privileged mode give this command


R1#show ip route

Codes: C - connected, S - static, I - IGRP, R - RIP, M - mobile, B - BGP
       D - EIGRP, EX - EIGRP external, O - OSPF, IA - OSPF inter area
       N1 - OSPF NSSA external type 1, N2 - OSPF NSSA external type 2
       E1 - OSPF external type 1, E2 - OSPF external type 2, E - EGP
       i - IS-IS, L1 - IS-IS level-1, L2 - IS-IS level-2, ia - IS-IS inter area
       * - candidate default, U - per-user static route, o - ODR
       P - periodic downloaded static route

Gateway of last resort is not set

C    10.0.0.0/8 is directly connected, FastEthernet0/0
C    20.0.0.0/8 is directly connected, Serial2/0



Here only two directly connected networks are present.




Step 2 :Now add this two network using static route command

R1(config)#ip route Destination Network| Destination N/W SubnetMask |Next Hop Address

In router R1 go to global configuration  mode and enter this command

R1(config)#ip route 30.0.0.0 255.0.0.0 20.0.0.2
R1(config)#ip route 40.0.0.0 255.0.0.0 20.0.0.2



Step 3:Now, Check routing table of Router R1 by giving the command in privileged mode



R1#show ip route
Codes: C - connected, S - static, I - IGRP, R - RIP, M - mobile, B - BGP
       D - EIGRP, EX - EIGRP external, O - OSPF, IA - OSPF inter area
       N1 - OSPF NSSA external type 1, N2 - OSPF NSSA external type 2
       E1 - OSPF external type 1, E2 - OSPF external type 2, E - EGP
       i - IS-IS, L1 - IS-IS level-1, L2 - IS-IS level-2, ia - IS-IS inter area
       * - candidate default, U - per-user static route, o - ODR
       P - periodic downloaded static route

Gateway of last resort is not set

C    10.0.0.0/8 is directly connected, FastEthernet0/0
C    20.0.0.0/8 is directly connected, Serial2/0
S    30.0.0.0/8 [1/0] via 20.0.0.2
S    40.0.0.0/8 [1/0] via 20.0.0.2

Now, Router R1 knows the network 30.0.0.0 &40.0.0.0



Step 4:Configure the routers R2 and R3 as we configured in R1

In router R2 go to global Configuration mode add static route to 10.0.0.0 and 40.0.0.0

R2(config)#ip route 10.0.0.0 255.0.0.0 20.0.0.1
R2(config)#ip route 40.0.0.0 255.0.0.0 30.0.0.2



In router R3

R3(config)#ip route 10.0.0.0 255.0.0.0 30.0.0.1
R3(config)#ip route 20.0.0.0 255.0.0.0 30.0.0.1

Check routing table of R2 and R3 by using the command

#show ip route


Step 5:Now go to host command prompt and ping ip address of another host you will get reply like this


PC>
PC>ping 40.0.0.10

Pinging 40.0.0.10 with 32 bytes of data:

Reply from 40.0.0.10: bytes=32 time=125ms TTL=125
Reply from 40.0.0.10: bytes=32 time=125ms TTL=125
Reply from 40.0.0.10: bytes=32 time=125ms TTL=125
Reply from 40.0.0.10: bytes=32 time=125ms TTL=125

Ping statistics for 40.0.0.10:
    Packets: Sent = 4, Received = 4, Lost = 0 (0% loss),
Approximate round trip times in milli-seconds:
    Minimum = 125ms, Maximum = 125ms, Average = 125ms




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